Research studies on results of the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14 (SFP) have consistently demonstrated its excellence and success as a prevention program.

The original, controlled, randomized trial in Iowa showed that four years after the program, youth who attended SFP with their families were significantly less likely to have started using alcohol and tobacco. They were also less aggressive than youth in the control group. Families who attended SFP reported significant increases in family cohesion.

Research documentation of the program’s effectiveness led to recognition in the 1990’s of SFP by the National Institute of Drug Abuse and the US Departments of Education, of Justice, and of Health and Human Services.

WSU Publications and Presentations Related to SFP in Washington


Parker, L., Martinez, AM. Diaz, Cooper, B.R. (2019). Balancing fidelity and adaptation: a guide for evidence-based program implementation. .

Roulette, J., Hill, L.G., Diversi, M. & Overath, R.  (2017). Cultural adaptations of the Strengthening Families Program 10-14 in the Pacific Northwest: A qualitative evaluation.  Health Education Journal, v76 n2 p169-181 Mar 2017.

Cooper, B.R., Bumbarger, B.K., Moore, J.E.  (2015).  Sustaining Evidence-Based Prevention Programs: Correlates in a Large-Scale Dissemination Initiative. Prevention Science, v16, p145–157.

Cooper, B.R., *Shrestha, G., *Hyman, L., & Hill, L.G.  (2015).  Adaptations in a community-based parenting intervention: Replication of two coding schemes. Journal of Primary Prevention.

Hill, L.G. & *Owens, R.W.  (2013). Component analysis of adherence in a family intervention.  Health Education, 113(4), 264-280. DOI 10.11 08/09654281311329222

Hill, L.G., Rosenman, R., *Tennekoon, V. & Mandal, B.  (2013). Selection effects and prevention program outcomes. Prevention Science, 14, 557-569.DOI 10.1007/s11121-012-0342-x

Whitehall, A.P., Hill, L.G., & Koehler, C.R. (2012).  A comparison of participant and practitioner beliefs about evaluation.  The American Journal of Evaluation, 33, 208-220.  DOI: 10.1177/1098214011423803

Rosenman, R., *Goates, S.G. & Hill, L.G.  (2012). Participation in universal prevention programs.  Applied Economics, 44(2) 219-228.

Rosenman, R., *Tennekoon, V. & Hill, L.G. (2011). Measuring bias in self-reported data.  International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research, 4(2), 320-332. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2011.043415

Hill, L.G. , Goates, S., Rosenman, R. (2010).  Detecting selection effects in community disseminations of universal family-based prevention programs.  American Journal of Public Health, 100(4), 623–630.

Hill, L.G., Goates, S., Rosenman, R. (2010)  Detecting selection effects in community disseminations of universal family-based prevention programs. American Journal of Public Health, 100(4):623-30 · February 2010.

Cantu, A., Hill, L.G., & Becker, L.G. (2010).  Implementation quality of a family-focused preventive intervention in   a community-based dissemination. Journal of Children’s Services.

Overath, R. (2009). Using an evidence-based prevention program to develop strong youth and families, Community Education Journal, Fall Vol XL (4), 34-36. Online at: NCEA Journal Article (pdf).

Hill, L.G., Maucione, K., & Hood, B (2007). A focused approach to assessing fidelity (pdf). Prevention Science 8, 25-34.

Betz, D.L. & Hill, L.G. (2006). Evaluation for real people. Journal of Extension.

Hill, L.G. & Parker, L.A. (2005). Extension as a delivery system for prevention programming: Capacity, barriers, and opportunities. Journal of Extension, 43.

Hill, L.G. & Betz, D.L. (2005). Revisiting the retrospective pretest. American Journal of Evaluation, 26, 501-517.



Cooper, B.R., Hill, L.G., & Scheirer, M.A. (2016, April). Challenges and opportunities in program adaptation and sustainability: How can theory and research inform real-world practice?  Blueprints Conference, Denver, CO.


Segrott, J. (Organizer), Evans, R., Murray, V. Dishion, T. (Discussant) & Hill, L.G. (Chair)(2015, May). Group composition and dynamics in prevention interventions: challenges, strategies and outcomes. Organized paper symposium submitted to the Society for Prevention Research 23rd Annual Meeting: Integrating Prevention Science and Public Policy, Washington, DC.


Betz, D., Overath, R., Crawford, J., Castro, D., Cooper, B.R., Diversi, M., Parker, L.A., Hill, L.G. (2014). Follow-up with Latino family education program graduates: Elements of success.  National Conference on Family Relations, Baltimore, MD.


Tennekoon, V., Rosenman, R. & Hill, L.G. (2011, November).  Measuring bias in self-reported data. Eastern Economic Association.


Rosennman, R., Mandal, B., Tennekoon, V. & Hill, L.G. (2010, October).  Estimating treatment effectiveness with sample selection. Workshop presentation at the 2nd Annual Health Econometrics Workshop (AHEW), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Rosenman, R., Mandal, B. & Hill, L.G. (2010, July).  Estimating program effectiveness with selectivity:  A bivariate probit approach.  Annual conference of the European Conference on Health Economics, Helsinki, Finland.

Suter, C., Hill, L.G., & Mandal, B. (2010, June). Cost analysis in community–based disseminations. In Crowley, D.,

Chair, Economic evaluation of prevention:  Innovative methods for studying program dissemination.  Symposium conducted at the Society for Prevention Research annual conference, Denver, CO.

McDonald, D. & Hill, L.G. (2010, May).  Using common measures across CYFAR projects: Lessons being learned Children Youth and Families At Risk annual conference, San Francisco, CA.


Hill, L.G. (2009, May).  Chair, Economic evaluation of prevention: Innovations in measurement and application.  Symposium conducted at the Society for Prevention Research, Washington, DC.

Goates, S.G., Mandal, B., Rosenman, R., Suter, C. & Hill, L.G. (2009, May).  Cost–benefit in universal prevention programs: A comparison of randomized clinical trial and community based implementations.  In Hill, L.G. (Chair), Economic evaluation of prevention: Innovations in measurement and application.  Symposium conducted at the Society for Prevention Research, Washington, DC.

Goates, S.G., Rosenman, R., & Hill, L.G. (2009, February).  Participation in universal prevention programs: A prospect theory approach.  In Duffy, S.Q. (Chair), Topics in the economics of substance abuse treatment and prevention.  Symposium conducted at the Eastern Economics Association,  New York, New York.

Parker, L.A. & Hill, L.G. (2009, May).  Beyond program dissemination: Extension’s role in informing and generating prevention research.  In Meyer, A. (Chair), Working relationships with cooperative extension: A gold mine for program sustainability and innovation. Symposium conducted at the Society for Prevention Research, Washington, DC.


Hill, L.G., Becker, L.G. & Parker, L.A. (2008, October). Mobilizing Extension as a partner in translational research. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Public Health, San Diego, CA.

Goates, S., Hill, L.G., & Rosenman, R. (2008, May).  Self selection in a unversal program.  In Trudeau, L. (Chair), Moderation of preventive interventions: Self-selection and long-term effects on emerging adult outcomes. Symposium conducted at the Society for Prevention Research, San Francisco, CA.

Overath, R. (November, 2008).  Strengthening Families: A Compelling Collaboration for Community Partners. National Community Education Association Conference , Dallas, TX.


Becker, L.G., Parker, L.A., McCrady, B. & Dodd, H. (2007, September). What can the Statewide Collaboration Do for You? (Ppt). Panel presented at the Prevention Summit, Vancouver, WA

Castro, D., Becker, L.G., & Urquilla, I. (2007, September). Adapting a Best Practice Program to Reach Latino Families (Ppt). Panel presented at the National Prevention Network annualconference, Portland, OR

Hill, L.G. (2007, May).  In Robertson, E. (Chair).  Alternative practices for determining community–level prevention needs. Invited roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Prevention Research, Washington, DC.

Overath, R. (2007, November). Researching the Impact of Strengthening Families Programs (SFP) Across Ethnicities, Language and Culture (pdf). Poster session presented at National Council on Family Relations Pre-Conference Workshop Extension Family Living Education, Pittsburg, PA.


Hood, B. & Hill, L.G. (2006, June). Determinants of program implementation after standardized training for evidence-based prevention programs (Ppt). Poster session presented at the Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research, San Antonio, TX.

Parker, L.A., Castro, D., Betz, D., Diede, A., & Hill, L.G. (2006, May). Adapting a best practice program to reach Latino families. Workshop presentation at the Annual Meeting of Children, Youth and Families at Risk, Seattle, WA.


Hill, L.G. & Parker, L.A. (2005, October). Promoting common goals to achieve effective evaluation practice. Roundtable presented at the Annual Joint Conference of the Canadian Evaluation Society and American Evaluation Association, Toronto, Canada.


Betz, D.L., Diede, A., Hill, L.G., Koehler, C.R. & Parker, L.A. (2004, May). Moving a best practices model to scale on a statewide basis: Lessons from the field.. Workshop presentation at the Annual Meeting of Children, Youth and Families at Risk, Seattle, WA.

Betz, D.L. & Hill, L.G. (2004, November). Evaluation for real people (Ppt). Poster presentation at the annual meeting of the National Council on Family Relations, Orlando, FL.

Parker, L.A. & Hill, L.G. (2004, October). Positioning research as an asset to attract community partners: Washington State’s experience with the Strengthening Families Program (Ppt). Workshop presentation at the Outreach Scholarship Conference: Impact through Engagment, State College, PA.


Hill, L.G. & Parker, L. (2003, June). Cooperative extension service as a delivery system for prevention programming (Ppt). Poster session presented at the 9th Biennial Conference of the Society for Community Research and Action, “Incorporating Diversity: Moving From Values to Action,” Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Hill, L.G., Sage, R., Betz, D., Koehler, C. & Parker, L. (2003, June). Implementation of a model program: A case study from Washington State (Ppt). Poster session presented at the 11th Annual Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research, “Research to Policy,” Washington, DC, 2003.